Posted On February 27, 2017 by Print This Post

Jane Austen as a Literary Influence by Marilyn Brant

I’m excited to welcome back the fabulous MARILYN BRANT!

Many thanks to Becke for inviting me to visit Romance University! It’s wonderful to be back here, especially during the Month of Love :).

I first fell for Jane Austen’s writing when I was a high-school freshman. So strongly did her authorial insight touch my life that she became one of my biggest literary influences, not to mention the inspiration for a few of my novels, such as, According to Jane, Pride, Prejudice & the Perfect Match and You Give Love a Bad Name.

As a romance and women’s fiction writer, whose method of getting words on the page falls somewhere in between meticulous plotting and carefree flying in the mist, I found Blake Snyder’s “beat sheet”—from his book SAVE THE CAT!—to be a structural godsend. The 15 original beats can be applied to almost any kind of traditionally structured story, regardless of genre. If you visit the Save the Cat website, you can find the beats written out for popular novels, films, plays, and even songs, like the musical Hamilton, The Hunger Games, Star Wars, Midnight in Paris, Aladdin and Taylor Swift’s hit “Begin Again.” A few years ago, I did a post on the STC site here showing how I used the sheet to structure my novel Friday Mornings at Nine, which is told from the POVs of three female characters, each with her own tale to tell, in addition to the group storyline. So, this has been a really useful tool for me, and I love sharing it with other writers! (You can also check out this PDF, which has an explanation of each individual beat.)

The clever Miss Austen did not have the benefit of Blake’s template at her writing desk, like I did when I drafted my novels, but that doesn’t mean her work didn’t exemplify the same brilliant storytelling techniques that Blake so clearly illuminated for us. With love and thanks to them both, here is my best attempt at describing the major beats for Pride and Prejudice:

  1. Opening Image: Mrs. Bennet, a Regency-era mother to five single daughters (Jane, Elizabeth, Mary, Kitty, and Lydia, in order of age), is yammering on and on to her husband about how a new eligible and wealthy bachelor just moved into the neighborhood.
  2. Theme Stated: C’mon you British lit buffs—or fans of Colin Firth—say this one with me: “It is a truth universally acknowledged that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife.” (Imparted to readers with a heavy dose of irony.)
  3. Set-Up: We get to know the Bennet clan, particularly sweet/beautiful Jane and witty/opinionated Elizabeth, as they interact as a family and go to the Meryton Ball—the first of the major balls in the novel. (Really, don’t read this book if you can’t abide dancing.) We then encounter the object of Mrs. Bennet’s interest, Mr. Charles Bingley, who is in attendance with his snobbish sister Caroline, his other snobbish sister and her husband and, most interestingly of all, his best friend. Enter the even wealthier and handsomer—albeit, significantly prouder and more arrogant—Mr. Darcy. Despite how literary convention might expect us to think that Bingley’s romance with Jane should be the primary one in the novel, it is not. We get to contrast “pride” and “prejudice” in action as Bingley’s best friend Darcy and Jane’s dear sister Elizabeth meet.
  4. Catalyst: Darcy scoffs at the idea of dancing with Elizabeth, no matter how fervently his good-natured buddy implores him to do so. He growls that she’s “tolerable” but not handsome enough to tempt him. Elizabeth overhears this conversation, and you can imagine how well that goes over with her. Her true character, though intelligent and, at heart, quite loving, is one of a woman with a LONG and exacting memory. And Darcy, who spoke in haste and out of irritation at being in unfamiliar circumstances alongside people with whom he didn’t share many interests, would live to regret his uncharitable words.
  5. Debate: Others may disagree with me on this point (so feel free to counter), but I’d argue that the A Story is all about Mrs. Bennet wanting to marry off her daughters and the debate here is a series of discussions from the perspectives of multiple characters regarding the nature of courtship and marriage. To Mrs. Bennet, it’s all about money and luxurious living. To Charlotte (Elizabeth’s best friend), it’s about finding a respectable man and comfortable home. To Jane, it’s love and kindness. To young silly sisters Kitty and Lydia, it’s handsome officers. Elizabeth requires something more in a spouse—intellectual respect—while Bingley and Darcy debate the qualities they admire: pleasant manners and attractiveness (Bingley) versus being clever and accomplished (Darcy). And for the Bennets’ relative, Mr. Collins, it’s finding a woman his patron, Lady Catherine (Darcy’s rich and obnoxious aunt, no less!), would approve of, given his standing in the church. Everyone argues their positions.
  6. Break into Two: Elizabeth’s romance with Darcy really begins (and not well). She makes a choice to visit Jane, who has fallen ill during a lunch date with Bingley’s snobbish sisters, and she must brave the irritations of Darcy and Caroline in order to give comfort to her dearest sister.
  7. B Story: In spite of himself, this is where Darcy really starts to like Elizabeth—particularly her fine eyes and her liveliness of mind. It’s also where her dislike of him is even more firmly cemented.
  8. Fun and Games: Oh, there are evening balls and many witty remarks, plus the appearance of new people on the scene and much dating/courtship action. The promise of the premise is in full swing here with marriage proposals, sudden departures, rampant social gossip, and rakish men. Mr. Collins proposes to Elizabeth. She refuses, so he proposes to her friend Charlotte, who impulsively accepts. Mr. Darcy and the Bingley sisters persuade Mr. Bingley to leave town, and Jane, in hopes of crossing paths with him again, leaves as well to stay with relatives in London. Elizabeth, who has already met the cunning but charming officer Mr. Wickham (also the son of Darcy’s late father’s steward—follow that?), begins to learn of even more horrible deeds that Wickham has attributed to Darcy. She readily believes them.
  9. Midpoint: Elizabeth takes a trip to visit her friend Charlotte, now married to the foolish Mr. Collins, and encounters the formidable and frequently rude Lady Catherine. Since the Lady is Darcy aunt, it’s not so implausible that Darcy suddenly shows up there, too. It is, however, a shock to all of us when Darcy unexpectedly proposes to Elizabeth (badly). Less of a shock is that she immediately refuses him, citing his interference in her sister’s romance with Bingley and his nastiness to “poor Mr. Wickham.” Let’s just say, none of this is how Darcy imagined things would play out. He storms off and writes a long letter to Elizabeth, explaining that Wickham is a really bad guy. Both Elizabeth and Darcy have been prideful and prejudiced in a number of ways, and the state of both of their love lives seems pretty pathetic right about now.
  10. Bad Guys Close In: This is where the plot thickens. The officers of the regiment, including Mr. Wickham, leave the area for another town. Youngest sister Lydia gets an invitation to go there with a friend and her father lets her go, against Elizabeth’s advice. Elizabeth, meanwhile, gets to take a new trip—this one with her sensible aunt and uncle from London. They head north to the region of Derbyshire, where her aunt grew up and, coincidentally, where Darcy’s famous estate of Pemberley is located.
  11. All Is Lost: GASP! Darcy is THERE in Derbyshire, too! After some months apart, during which he has regretted his ungentlemanly behavior and she has regretted believing Wickham’s lies, the two see each other for the first time, mutually humbled and with much clearer vision. They talk and are on the verge of something very courtship like when disaster strikes. Jane writes a letter saying that Lydia has run away with Wickham and the two cannot be found.
  12. Dark Night of the Soul: Elizabeth must return home, knowing that Lydia’s actions will forever tarnish the reputation of her family and that Darcy wouldn’t want anything to do with her now. Because of his earlier warnings about Wickham, she confesses to him what has happened with her youngest sister and, basically, says goodbye to him. She knows any further relationship between them is hopeless. It’s heartbreaking. Just when both she and Darcy had finally escaped their pride/prejudice toward each other, they are torn apart.
  13. Break into Three: At home, Elizabeth consoles her mother and her sisters while her father is in London attempting to locate Lydia and hoping to convince Wickham to marry her, rather than leave her a “ruined” woman. Elizabeth, fully understanding now that Darcy was telling her the truth about Wickham’s character, is more stunned than anyone when they all find out that Lydia and Wickham are engaged and about to get married. It is a terrible match, but it is the only thing that can be done to save the family’s reputation. Mrs. Bennet is ecstatic to finally have one daughter married, even under these circumstances.
  14. Finale: Wickham and Lydia visit the Bennets as a married couple. Elizabeth is wiser now and distances herself from Wickham and his Darcy-bashing speeches. Lydia lets a secret slip—Darcy was with them in London—which makes Elizabeth crazy with curiosity. She begins to investigate. Meanwhile, Bingley suddenly returns, seeks out Jane and, eventually, proposes. Jane says yes. Lady Catherine surprises Elizabeth with a visit, demanding that she stop pursuing Darcy. Elizabeth is seriously confused. She hasn’t seen Darcy in a while and, though she respects him now, she’s quite sure she’s not secretly engaged to him. Nevertheless, she tells off his aunt with her best Regency-era insults, and is further stunned when Darcy himself shows up soon afterward. Elizabeth has learned that HE was the one who found Lydia and paid Wickham off to marry her. When Darcy proposes a second time, Elizabeth accepts with pleasure.

15: Final Image: We have the weddings of the “two most deserving” Bennet daughters. With three out of the five young ladies now married, Mrs. Bennet is beside herself with delight. And it’s a happily ever after ending for those characters who have earned it.

Best wishes to all of you on your writing—and plotting!!

~Marilyn

***

So, that’s my all-time favorite book…what about you? What novel was one of your strongest literary influences? Was there an author whose work made you wish you could be a writer? I’d love to hear about your favorites.

***

Bio:

Marilyn Brant is a New York Times & USA Today bestselling author of contemporary women’s fiction, romantic comedy & mystery. Her debut novel, ACCORDING TO JANE, won RWA’s prestigious Golden Heart® Award (2007), and she was named the Author of the Year (2013) by the Illinois Association of Teachers of English. She’s currently at work on her “Mirabelle Harbor” contemporary romance series, which takes place on the shores of Lake Michigan, just north of Chicago. Look for her next book, ONE NIGHT LOVE AFFAIR, in March 2017. Marilyn loves all things Jane Austen, has a passion for Sherlock Holmes, is a travel addict and a music junkie, and lives on chocolate and gelato. Visit her website: www.marilynbrant.com – or connect with her on Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, and Goodreads!

ACCORDING TO JANE (2nd Edition, January 2017 – out now!)

In Marilyn Brant’s smart, wildly inventive fiction debut, one modern woman in search of herself receives advice from the ultimate expert in matters of the heart: Jane Austen.

It begins one day in sophomore English class, just as Ellie Barnett’s teacher is assigning Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice. From nowhere comes a quiet “tsk” of displeasure. The target: Sam Blaine, the cute bad boy who’s teasing Ellie mercilessly, just as he has since kindergarten. Entirely unbidden, as Jane might say, the author’s ghost takes up residence in Ellie’s mind, and seems determined to stay there.

Over the next two decades, Jane’s wise and witty advice guides Ellie through the frustrations of adolescence and into adulthood, serving as the voice she trusts, usually far more than her own. Years and boyfriends come and go—sometimes a little too quickly, sometimes not nearly fast enough. But Jane’s counsel is constant, and on the subject of Sam, quite insistent. Stay away, Jane demands. He is your Mr. Wickham.

Still, everyone has something to learn about love—perhaps even Jane herself. And lately, the voice in Ellie’s head is being drowned out by another, urging her to look beyond everything she thought she knew and seek out her very own, very unexpected, happy ending…

Amazon Kindle: https://www.amazon.com/According-Jane-Marilyn-Brant-ebook/dp/B01NCX9IJ5/

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23 Responses to “Jane Austen as a Literary Influence by Marilyn Brant”

  1. Thanks so much for sharing this with us, Marilyn! I haven’t read all of Jane Austen’s books, but I’m a huge fan of PRIDE AND PREJUDICE. I’m also a fan of SAVE THE CAT and SAVE THE CAT STRIKES BACK. Blake Snyder died suddenly in 2009 but his books continue to be must-reads among all the aspiring authors I know.

    The beat sheet idea is so helpful for pantsers like me – much more manageable than a detailed plot framework.

    I’ve been on a writing sabbatical for awhile – I switched my focus to taking care of my granddaughters. The older granddaughter starts kindergarten later this year, so I’m trying to ignite the writing spark again. This should help – thank you!

    Posted by Becke Martin Davis | February 27, 2017, 10:46 am
  2. Becke,
    It’s always such a treat to get to visit you and everyone here at Romance University!!
    And I’m so glad you found the beat sheet concept to be helpful.
    I had the pleasure of getting to hear Blake speak at an RWA conference in 2008. I was already a fan of Save the Cat, but hearing him present his ideas to us was an incredible help. We lost him far too soon… Thankfully, his books continue to be fabulous guides ;).
    Looking forward to hearing about your writing projects in the coming months!! xo

    Posted by Marilyn Brant | February 27, 2017, 11:38 am
  3. Wow, you were so lucky to hear him speak! I only made it to RWA National once – in 2009. Maybe someday I’ll make it there again.

    Posted by Becke Martin Davis | February 27, 2017, 11:56 am
  4. I’ve been trying to think of a book that influenced me and there are just too many. I would say that for the most part I’m influenced by authors more than individual books. Agatha Christie, Mary Stewart, Evelyn Anthony and Dorothy Eden got me hooked on mystery and romantic suspense. I loved Madeline L’Engle’s A WRINKLE IN TIME and I loved Antoine de Saint-Exupery’s THE LITTLE PRINCE. One book that made a big impression on my was Charles Morgan’s SPARKENBROKE. (My husband loves that one, too.) James Thurber and Ray Bradbury (as well as Agatha Christie, the Alfred Hitchcock Mystery Magazine and the Ellery Queen Mystery Magazine) got me hooked on short stories. Impossible to come up with even a short list of favorites!

    Posted by Becke Martin Davis | February 27, 2017, 12:16 pm
  5. Oh, my goodness, Becke — that’s a fabulous list of authors, though!! My family and I just visited James Thurber’s house this past fall, and I was reminded of how much I enjoyed his stories. Ray Bradbury was a big one for me, too. And I totally agree with you on Madeline L’Engle’s masterpiece. Loved that whole series! <3

    Posted by Marilyn Brant | February 27, 2017, 12:27 pm
  6. This post really makes me want to read Pride and Prejudice again! Maybe it’s about time. 🙂

    Posted by J'aime | February 27, 2017, 3:29 pm
  7. J’AIME ~ Ohhh, I’m so glad the post brought back a desire to reread P&P!! That makes having written this whole thing out worth it 😀 .

    Posted by Marilyn Brant | February 27, 2017, 4:11 pm
  8. February has turned out to be a sort of Jane Austen month at RU. We kicked off the month with a post by Kyra Cornelius Kramer, who was so frustrated with MANSFIELD PARK she ended up writing her own take on the novel. So I think it’s serendipitous – and totally unplanned – that we are winding up the month with another Austen shout-out.

    Posted by Becke Martin Davis | February 27, 2017, 6:39 pm
  9. Love it!! That’s fantastic to hear, Becke!! LOL. Jane Austen rocks! 😀

    Posted by Marilyn Brant | February 27, 2017, 6:40 pm
  10. What an absolutely fabulous blog. Loved it

    Posted by Barbara | March 1, 2017, 6:40 am
  11. Thanks so much, Barbara!!
    I’m thrilled to hear it 😀 .

    Posted by Marilyn Brant | March 1, 2017, 11:18 am
  12. Hi Marilyn,

    I think Austen would be amazed to know that her books are still being read and discussed two hundred plus years after publication. I’ve always wondered what was in the original draft. Did she omit or change subplots and characters? What if Lydia was forced to marry Mr. Collins instead of Wickham? What would Darcy do if he learned that Elizabeth had accepted a proposal from Wickham? Ah, the possibilities!

    When I was a kid, Beverley Cleary and Laura Ingalls Wilder were my favorite authors because they created wonderful characters. Maybe that’s why I’m a fan of character-driven stories.

    Posted by Jennifer Tanner | March 1, 2017, 1:03 pm
  13. Jennifer,
    I loved Cleary and Wilder, too! (Both as a young reader and, later, as an elementary school teacher — fun stories to read aloud!)
    And I think you’re right about what Austen’s reaction to the incredible popularity of her books might be… I can’t believe she’d be anything less than stunned 🙂 . One thing I know about her original draft of P&P was that, aside from it being called First Impressions, it was entirely in letter form. I would LOVE to read it (!!), but have no idea if any of it is available to the public or even how much of it remains. Wouldn’t it be fascinating to see, though?!!

    Posted by Marilyn Brant | March 1, 2017, 1:34 pm
  14. 84 Charing Cross Road is wonderful, both the book and the movie. It seems to me I’ve seen some of her early drafts at the British Museum. But I’m not sure – now that I think about it, it might be an early draft of Jane Eyre. I just remember I was fascinated by it, but that was more than thirty years ago. Time for a return visit, perhaps…

    Thanks for joining us, Marilyn!

    Posted by Becke Martin Davis | March 2, 2017, 1:54 am
  15. We received this comment via email from Martin Rinehart:

    A brilliant disection. I loved it.

    (I love the topic, too. Started P&P for the third time this year, just this morning. Now I’m hunting for metaphors.)

    I’m trying my hand at romance. Do I need villains? Do you use villains? A Lady Catherine de Burgh? A Mrs. Norris?

    TIA

    Posted by Jennifer Tanner | March 3, 2017, 2:01 pm
    • Thanks so much, Martin!
      Great questions about villains, too…
      My personal opinion is that we don’t necessarily need a *villain* in a romance novel, per se, but we do need an antagonist or some kind of opposing force. There must be conflict in the story, which is helpful for creating tension and keeping the reader turning pages. The conflict could come in the form of a villainous character who actively works to keep the hero and heroine apart…or it might just be a situation that creates the conflict (i.e., he’s only in town for a week, so their time together is limited; she’s working as a doctor and she’s not allowed to date the hero, who’s a patient; etc., etc.)
      But if there’s a way to work in a modern Lady Catherine, that would be riot — not only conflict but a fabulous opportunity for humor!!

      Posted by Marilyn Brant | March 3, 2017, 10:24 pm
  16. Thanks for asking what story had prompted me to become interested in writing – “Great Expectations” by Dickens.
    I say this because I can clearly recall truly enjoying this story in high school. Unfortunately, it is the only one I remember, and have some mild regret about being more into Algerbra and French class than literature.

    Posted by Anna | March 8, 2017, 6:08 pm
    • Anna,
      Thanks for taking the time to share the book that inspired you! I remember reading and enjoying Great Expectations too ;). I was more of a math/science girl in high school, so I know what you mean about the Algebra and French! All of these intriguing subjects help to inform our writing though, right?!

      Posted by Marilyn Brant | March 9, 2017, 10:15 pm
  17. The next time I learn a weblog, I hope that it doesnt disappoint me as much as this one. I imply, I do know it was my choice to read, however I truly thought youd have one thing attention-grabbing to say. All I hear is a bunch of whining about one thing that you might repair when you werent too busy searching for attention.

    Posted by Gennie Roever | June 19, 2017, 9:04 am

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